LONDON — Three new ways for the world to lock down are under consideration, according to an advisory released today by the United Nations’ Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
The OCHA called for “a concerted effort” to implement a set of new measures, including a mandatory registration of all foreign nationals in the country, a ban on the entry of migrants and refugees to the U.S. and Canada and a review of the country’s entry requirements for the global market.
The new measures will be in place in countries with a population of over 100,000, including Iraq, Iran, Syria, Nigeria and Yemen, according the OCHA.
“In the absence of such measures, these countries could potentially become havens for migrants and other irregular migrants,” it added.
While many of the new measures are targeted at countries that host large numbers of refugees, they could also be adopted elsewhere.
“We are concerned about the impact of these new measures on the global humanitarian situation,” said the OCA’s chief spokesperson, Christophe Deloire.
“We do not have any clear evidence that they would prevent people from reaching safety or that they are effective at preventing migration, but we will be examining the implementation of them further to understand how to ensure their effectiveness.”
While the OCEA’s guidelines on safe countries do not specify the country in which the new requirements would be implemented, it notes that they will apply to the global “entry criteria” for the U, C, S and L markets.
It also noted that the U is the most-affected market and that the ONA is also concerned about these new requirements.
“The U.N. has already issued several warnings that these new restrictions would undermine the human rights of migrants, refugees and asylum seekers who are fleeing conflict in some of the most dangerous parts of the world,” Deloire said.
“They are likely to result in significant harm to the human and social rights of these groups and the people of countries that will not implement these measures.”
The ONA also warned that any new measures could create new barriers to people entering and remaining in the U., C, and S markets, with potential consequences for countries’ economies and the safety of people, goods and services.
“It is vital that countries take action to ensure they are protecting their citizens, as well as protecting their economies and workers,” it said.
“These new measures would further undermine the right to life, security of person and the rule of law and could cause irreparable harm to millions of people,” Delorie added.
“A ban on migration, in particular, is an important tool for achieving the goals of the global effort to end the conflict in Syria, but it does not address the broader threat posed by people smugglers and the trafficking of migrants to Europe and the Americas.
It could exacerbate the already significant migration flows from the region.”
The UNA, a regional body of international humanitarian and development organizations, said it was working with the OHA and other partners to ensure the necessary steps were in place for the implementation.
“There is a need for strong measures to address the threat of migration from war-torn regions,” it noted.
“These measures would include mandatory registration, mandatory identification, and a ban to enter or leave the country with the intent to seek asylum or protection.”
They would also be needed to address a new migration trend of people who have already been forcibly separated from their families and countries and have been forced to make perilous journeys across international borders.
“Migration is the greatest global humanitarian challenge and there is no greater humanitarian concern than people fleeing violence and conflict,” the UNA said.